how to speak filipino lesson 2
Filipino Name for Grandfather
The most commonly used Filipino word for grandfather islolo. (lola means grandmother.) Sa tuhodis added to indicate a great-grandparent:lolo sa tuhodandlola sa tuhod.
Loloandlolaare sometimes used as grandparent nicknames by those not of Filipino heritage, because of their ease of pronunciation and spelling.
Other terms sometimes used for grandfather includeingkong,lelongandabwelo.
See the .
See also and .
Pronunciation: Go to a page where you can .
Languages in the Philippines
Filipino and English are the official languages of the Republic of the Philippines. Filipino, which was once called Pilipino, is based on the Tagalog language but also includes expressions derived from other languages, especially English and Spanish. But many people use the terms Filipino, Pilipino and Tagalog interchangeably.
After Tagalog, the most-spoken Filipino variant language is Cebuano, spoken by over 20 milliion people. In Cebuano, apohan nga lalaki, sometimes rendered asapohang lalaki, is the favored term for grandfather. Cebuano also has terms for great-grandparent,sungkod: for great-great-grandparent,sungay; and for great-great-great-grandparent,sagpo.
Filipino Family Values
Family is very important in Filipino culture.
Two key concepts in Filipino life are applied assiduously to family relationships. One ispakikisamaorpakisama,which refers to getting along well with others. The other isutang na loob, which can be loosely translated as reciprocity, or the repaying of good deeds. Partly because of the influence of these two concepts, grandparents often spend their later years living with family members rather than living independently.
The children repay the care their parents once gave them. At the same time, when able, the grandparents contribute to the household. Often they .
The Filipino culture puts great value on making others feel comfortable and never causing another person to lose face. This is true in business, in general relationships and in the family, As in most , Filipino children are expected to routinely show respect toward older relatives. When seeing an older relative for the first time during a day, or when re-entering the house, youngsters often make themanogesture, which consists of bowing over the older relative's hand and pressing the hand to the forehead. Sometimes the children are taught to use the expressionmano po, which invites the older relative to initiate the gesture. The wordspooropoare often added at the ends of sentences to show respect when addressing an older relative.
Another interesting aspect of Filipino culture is that family members are expected to provide for the financial needs of other family members, and this obligation has been made official by law. According to Family Law of the Philippines, family members are legally obligated to provide for family members in need.
Thus grandparents are legally responsible for the needs of their grandchildren whenever their parents cannot provide for them. (See .)
Filipino citizens celebrate Grandparents Day on the second Sunday in September.
Some Filipino Expressions
Filipinos are a joyful people, much concerned about the welfare of others, as demonstrated by many of their everyday expressions.
- Mabuhay,translated literally, means, "Live!" It is used as a greeting and to wish a person good luck and a long life.
- Ingat kameans "be safe." It is commonly used when taking leave of someone. Sometimes "lagi," meaning "always" is added.
- Magandang arawmeans "beautiful day" and is commonly used as a greeting.
- Salamatmeans "thank you," and it is used liberally in the Philippines.
- Walang anumanmeans "It's nothing at all." It is used to mean, "You're welcome" after someone says "thank you."
- Kabiyak ng dibdib means “the other half of the heart” and refers to one's spouse.
- Haligi ng tahanantranslates to "the post (or column) of the home" and refers to a father.
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